After the establishment of the Botanical Field and Botanical Goshwara in 1994 B.S. for the purpose of conserving and utilizing the plant resources, the main objective was to survey, identify, develop technology, preserve and promote the plant heritage and for sustainable development. The Department of Botany was established in 2016 BS. Past organizational structure. In 2055, there was a general change. It was restarted in 2057 BS. Earlier, it was under the Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation, but now the organization structure of this department has been modified in accordance with the federal structure guaranteed by the Constitution of Nepal and now it has been operating successfully by mobilizing all levels of employees of the Department under the Same Structure under the Ministry of Forest and Environment.

Established with the main objective of studying, researching, identifying, documenting, chemical analysis and certification of the diversity of botanical resources found in Nepal, health and local conservation, promotion, technology development and technology transfer, the Department of Botany has been mobilizing scientists of different disciplines as human resources in an effort to move forward by studying, researching, promoting and promoting plants in a multi-dimensional manner. It is advancing its activities in such a way that it can contribute to the GDP to some extent.

Mainly, the Department of Plant Resources has been doing various publications in the form of Nepal Flora to document the flowering and non-flowering plants in Nepal. For example: Flora of Rajnikunj started with Flora of Kathmandu Valley, Flora of Langtang, Flora of Phulchoki, and recently other regional floras are also being published. In the last decade, the Department of Botany has started the publication of non-flowering plants. Now we are planning to continue the work on the documentation of bryophytes, plums and mushrooms.

A Natural Resources Research Laboratory has also been established in the Department of Botany to find out what are the medicinal properties, commercial properties and other industrial properties of those plants on how to make good use of the plant resources in Nepal. After identifying the plants and their properties and defects in various laboratories in the Natural Heritage Research Center and the Department of Botany, the Department of Botany is also researching how they can be converted and used commercially if they have other medicinal properties and if they have useful properties.

Similarly, in order to produce medicines and other types of herbs that can be taken for commercial purposes, the programs of production, distribution and extensive cultivation of herbs have been started through 7 research centers of the Department of Botany. Similarly, by developing Karnali Province as Herb Zone, the Department of Botany is ready to open the door to the possibility that the raw material of herbs needed by Nepal can be produced from Nepal and after processing the herbs, their essence can be exported abroad. For that, it is also working on ISO17025:2017 certification of its laboratory.

Similarly, the Department of Botany By establishing the National Botanic Park in 2017, it has been serving millions of students, researchers and the entire population every year. Under this department, botanical gardens in various districts have been playing an important role in the healthy and local conservation of plants.

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